SERI
Brownbag Seminar

SERI Brownbag Seminar - Archive

Jänner 2006

Lisa Bohunovsky und Ines Omann
Topic: Lokale Energieszenarien und ihre Bewertung - eine Fallstudie aus dem Projekt ARTEMIS

Im Rahmen des Projektes ARTEMIS wurde eine lokale Fallstudie in Raabau und Lödersdorf, zwei Gemeinden der Region Oststeiermark, durchgeführt.
Im Vorfeld zu einem möglichen e5-Prozess (österreichweites Programm für energieeffiziente Gemeinden) untersuchte SERI Potenziale, Schwerpunkte und Handlungsfelder des möglichen Einsatzes von Technologien zur Nutzung erneuerbarer Energien in den Gemeinden, wobei sich das Projekt auf die Strom- und Wärmeproduktion konzentrierte. Dazu wurden gemeinsam mit
lokalen Energieexperten und Stakeholdern Energieszenarien mit
Schwerpunkt auf erneuerbare Energietechnologien entwickelt und
modelliert. Die Reihung der Energieszenarien erfolgte durch eine
partizipative Multikriterienanalyse. In zwei Workshops mit BürgerInnen wurden dazu Kriterien entwickelt und gewichtet. In dem Brownbag werden die Szenarien und die Ergebnisse der MKA präsentiert.

Oktober 2005

Stefan Giljum und Arno Behrens
Topic: „MOSUS – Europäische Nachhaltigkeitsszenarien bis 2020“

Im Projekt MOSUS (siehe www.mosus.net) werden mit einem globalen Wirtschafts-Umwelt-Modell verschiedene Entwicklungsszenarien für Europa bis zum Jahre 2020 simuliert und hinsichtlich ihrer ökonomischen, ökologischen und sozialen Auswirkungen bewertet. Der Schwerpunkt der simulierten Politikmaßnahmen liegt im Bereich Umweltpolitik und beinhaltet unter anderem eine Erhöhung der Öko-Effizienz in für den Materialverbrauch entscheidenden Wirtschaftssektoren (wie Bau-, Energie- und Landwirtschaft), die volle Implementierung des Emissionshandels im Rahmen des Kyoto-Abkommens sowie Veränderungen der privaten Nachfrage nach Mobilität und Wohnbedarf. In diesem Brownbag-Seminar werden die Ergebnisse der Szenariensimulationen erstmals präsentiert und diskutiert. Ein besonderer Schwerpunkt wird dabei auf den Bereich Materialverbrauch bzw. Ressourcenproduktivität der Europäischen Wirtschaft liegen. Für mehr Informationen kontaktieren Sie Stefan Giljum.


[download presentation]

September 2005

Fritz Hinterberger, Harald Hutterer und Jill Jäger
Topic: Well-being, Glück und Sozialpolitik

Nachhaltige Entwicklung im heutigen Sinn des Wortes wurde vor etwa 20 Jahren als normatives Konzept geprägt. Es stellt die Frage: „Wie soll wirtschaftliche und gesellschaftliche Entwicklung zukünftig den voranschreitenden Veränderungen natürlicher Kreisläufe durch den Menschen im globalen Maßstab begegnen.“ Kern dieses Konzeptes ist „die Sicherung und Erhöhung der Lebensqualität aller Menschen als Voraussetzung für das individuelle Glück“ (www.gosd.net). Sehr allgemein formuliert könnte man das Ziel so zusammenfassen: ein gutes Leben für alle und für alle Zukunft. Verwandte Begriffe sind Lebenszufriedenheit oder Lebensqualität.

Die wichtigste Aufgabe aller Entscheidungsträger in Politik, Verwaltung und Wirtschaft ist es, die Menschen dabei zu unterstützen, ihren Lebenssinn bzw. ihre Berufung zu finden, Lebenszufriedenheit zu erlangen und ihre Persönlichkeit zu entfalten. Neben der Förderung individueller Fähigkeiten gehört dazu die Erstellung und Aufrechterhaltung der für die Überlebensfunktion notwendigen natürlichen und sozialen Systeme.

Dieses Brownbag-Seminar berichtet aus verschiedenen laufenden und geplanten Projekten, in denen das Glück, und wie man individuell und persönlich damit umgehen kann, eine Rolle spielt.

[more information]

April 2005

Jill Jäger

Topic: International Dialogue on Science and Practice in Sustainable Development - Linking Knowledge with Action

The Brownbag Seminar on 26 April will first discuss a series of international activities that have taken place over the last 5 years on enhancing the role of science and technology in sustainable development. These have led to the current project, which is part of a larger international project, funded by the David and Lucile Packard Foundation, on “Sustainability Science and Technology: Linking Knowledge with Action,” in which international partnership teams will work to identify action-related knowledge needed to facilitate solutions to sustainability problems.

The plans for the “International Dialogue on Science and Practice in Sustainable Development” will then be discussed. In essence we are designing an open Dialogue conference with on the order of 300 participants from all over the world to provide a platform for bringing natural and social scientists together with a wide array of practitioners involved in activities that contribute to sustainable development by promoting human development and/or environmental conservation. The ultimate goal of the Dialogue is to increase radically the quantity and effectiveness of collaborations on sustainable development being pursued around the world between scientists and practitioners, and to enhance the world’s capacity to establish and implement such activities.
[more information]

Fred Luks

Topic: Everything We Don’t Know About Sustainable Development

The goal of sustainable development does not only raise social, ecological, political, cultural and economic questions but also problems that literally go beyond these fields. Especially if one tries to combine „material“ and „symbolic“ problems and moves along the borderline of of science and policy, one is easily confronted with „meta-economic“ questions. The introductory presentation to this brownbag-seminar serves as an instigation to discussion and delivers few answers, some theses and many questions.

March 2005

Andrea Stocker

Topic: Pros and Cons of mass-orientated regulation – the example of REACh

In this Brownbag Seminar the results of the project “Eco-efficiency and Sustainability”, supported by the OeNB Jubiläumsfonds are summarised. The project analysed past developments in eco-efficiency and sustainability of the Austrian economy by applying an extended make-use model. The framework provides methodological insights for connecting existing environmental data with monetary input-output data. The model was used to perform a comparative-static analysis disaggregated in 55 sectors in order to show the development trends of social, economic and environmental indicators between 1995 and 2000. In addition, the underlying driving forces of changes in these indicators were identified using structural decomposition analysis. The comparative-static analysis and the structural decomposition analysis were supplemented by an evaluation of the sustainability of the Austrian economy by applying minimum conditions for sustainable development. With the help of this framework we investigate if the development of the Austrian economy fulfilled these minimum conditions in the time period 1995 to 2000. Moreover, the possibilities of integrating stock-flow relationships in structural models were discussed. The fact, that to a large extent material flows (as energy) can be substituted by stocks (as improved thermal stock of buildings) offered the motivation to search for guidelines concerning these flow-stock relationships that are compatible with sustainability criteria. In this context the theoretical role of stocks and an overview of international and national efforts of extending the flow concepts with stocks was provided.

January 2005

Heinrich Tschochohei

Topic: Pros and Cons of mass-orientated regulation – the example of REACh

Currently, European Chemical Regulation is facing substantial changes. Under the so-called REACh system (Registration, Evaluation, Authorisation of Chemials) the European Union aims to combine those measures conceptualised to deal with environmental uncertainties and risks stemming from recombination of substances. The underlying mass-orientated regulation attempt is similar to the basic axiom of substance flow economics. Against that background the question (again) rises if such a kind of “ton ideology” is an adequate approach for environmental and sustainability policy, respectively. As an important criterion for evaluation (referring to new institutional economics) the transaction cost approach will be introduced.

December 2004

Dr. Friedrich Hinterberger

Topic: Project Eco-efficiency and Sustainability

Selbst wenn man sich einigermaßen einig ist, worum es bei nachhaltiger Entwicklung geht (sagen wir: einen deutlich verringerten Ressourcenverbrauch und eine entscheidende Verringerung von Armut und Ungleichheit) setzen die einzelnen Ansätze sehr unterschiedliche Schwerpunkte: Ökoeffizienz, ein Global Marshall Plan, eine Reform des Finanz-Systems, Ökosteuern, neue Lebensstile u.v.a.m. In diesem Seminar möchten wir diskutieren, was die wesentlichen Bausteine eines umfassenden Systems von Strategien, Maßnahmen und Instrumenten für eine nachhaltige Entwicklung sein könnten, wie diese zusammen passen und welche Lücken es noch gibt.

Sybille Bauriedl, Matthias Winkler (NEDS-Projekt, Hamburg)

Topic: Transformation of land use pattern in the Metropolitan Region of Hamburg

In the course of global processes of socio-economic transformation simultaneous processes of change in connection with spatial structures are taking place. The structure analysis as a quantitative geographical method based on cartographic visualisation allows to describe and analyse spatial transformation by focussing on land use pattern and tendencies of change. The NEDS Research Project applies this method to the Metropolitan Regions of Hamburg and Vienna and the Region of Leipzig. The structure analysis for Hamburg illustrates considerable tendencies of diffusion and suburbanisation especially in the further hinterland with are connected with both a partial decrease of population in the agglomeration core (processes of shrinking) and the rise of smaller regional centres (processes of growth). Besides the results indicate that "classical" instruments of regional planning are apparently not suitable for steering the spatial development/expansion of housing and traffic infrastructure. Empirical results cannot verify that the frequently discussed strategy of de-linking the population growth from the growth of sealing soil surface is successful.

October 2004

Mark Hammer

Topic: Sustainable Product Service Systems (PSS)

In this brownbag seminar we will discuss two of SERIs research projects both dealing with sustainable product service systems.
The Austrian “PSS landmarks” project shall identify best practice examples of such systems. Case studies will be collected and evaluated. Factors of success and failure for the implementation of sustainable PSS will be worked out.
The second project (MEPSS – Product Service Systems Methodology) develops a methodology for the implementation of PSS. SERI is a member of the scientific peer review group in this EU project.
In the brownbag seminar we want to discuss the following questions:

  • Can PSS contribute to sustainable development?
  • If yes, how can we help to promote sustainable PSS?
  • Do we need a better name instead of PSS?

September 2004

Jürgen Schäfer

Talk and discussion on the implementation of sustainability in the European constitution. By Jürgen Schäfer (SERI and university of Duisburg-Essen, in German language).

June 2004

Joachim Spangenberg

Topic: Die ökonomische Nachhaltigkeit der Wirtschaft: Konzepte, Kriterien, Indikatoren

Every society comprises four dimensions, the economic, social, environmental and institutional one. Each of them is a complex, dynamic, self-organising and evolving entity in its own right, making the coupled system one of tremendous complexity. For this system to be sustainable, each of the four subsystems has to have the capability to maintain its capability to survive and evolve, and the interlinkages of the subsystems must enable a permanent co-evolution. For adequate analysis and prognoses – or at least to avoid wrong ones – the appropriate level of complexity for descriptions and models has to be found.

As this level of complexity is beyond the scope of current economic theories, a system analysis perspective is presented as a framework for discussing the co-evolution of economy and society. In this context, the economic, social, environmental and institutional sustainability of the economy can be described. In a further step, economic theories could be assessed regarding the usefulness for the description of a complex evolving system like the economy.

In this case, an appropriate theoretical approach is system analysis of complex evolving systems. However, there are few applications of this rather abstract theory to economic systems so far, and before using it for analysing the sustainability of economic development processes, sustainability must be defined for complex evolving systems. The latter is the raison d’être of Orientor or Orientation Theory, providing the means to assess the sustainability of the economic system, albeit still on a rather abstract level. It is evaluated if suggestions from economics and sustainability models are suitable in the more complex setting they have not been designed for or derived in.

May 2004

Ines Omann

Topic: The application of multi-criteria decision aid (MCDA) in the case of car road pricing in Austria

The implementation of car road pricing is one option to lead the transport in Austria towards a more sustainable direction. Road pricing can be implemented in different ways depending on the assessment criteria, the charged roads, the tariff etc. Depending on the design, different objectives can be reached. In this brown bag seminar a case study is presented, in which an MCDA (using the PROMETHEE method) was applied in order to rank a set of road pricing scenarios according to the objectives of sustainable transport in Austria and given the preferences of stakeholders

March 2004

Doris Schnepf
The development of information and communication technologies (ICT) is worldwide advancing very fast. This is the basis of the establishment of a so called "Information and Knowledge based society". The implementation and broad use of ICT is often seen as the solution for economic, social and political-institutional problems in developing countries. This perception allows to interpret, that ICT may be the crucial tool for developing countries to approximate very fast in its developmentment to industrialised countries.

In that sense "Leapfrogging" means the possibility to jump over certain stages of development and therefore approximate very fast to the socio economic situation of industrialised countries.

In this study the question, if ICTs really have the capacity to support Chile towards its way to a sustainable society and competitive economy is to be answered. The second question to be treated is if and how it is possible to assess the existence of the so called gender digital divide with the help of existing indicators

February 2004

Stefan Giljum
MOSUS applies an integrated ecological-economic simulation model to quantify the interrelations between socio-economic driving forces and the state of the environment. The analysis uses a multi-country, multi-sectoral macroeconomic framework, including trade flows within Europe and between Europe and all other world regions. The model will be the first such tool to directly integrate comprehensive biophysical data (materials, energy, and land use data) in simulations to the year 2020, putting them in relation to indicators of social and economic development. MOSUS will formulate EU development scenarios and evaluate the economic and social impacts of key environmental policy measures and will present quantified policy recommendations for implementing sustainable development in the EU. As international trade relations play an important role in MOSUS, links to the Concerted Action on Trade and Environment (CAT&E) will be highlighted in this brownbag seminar.

January 2004

Mark Hammer
The project analyses the development of three European regions (Hamburg, Leipzig, Vienna) during the past ten years. Different scientific approaches like material flow analysis (MFA), discourse analysis or structural analysis will be combined. In the brownbag seminar results for the MFA of Hamburg will be presented. We want to discuss the following questions: What can we learn from regional MFA? How can we link such different approaches like discourse analysis and material flow analysis? What will we gain from this combination?

December 2003

DI. Roman Mesicek on "eGovernment - Possibilities and risks of online participation". Three major themes recur as prerequisites for success of eGovernment solutions: access, trust and institutional change. Based on the ongoing work in the eCommunity project we want to talk about, how it is possible to achieve these three conditions and what forms of online participation are supportive of community building and which are counter-productive? Furthermore how does e-government and e-participation fit into the context of sustainability?

November 2003

Dr. Friedrich Hinterberger on "Governance for Sustainable Development": This is an emerging proposal for the 6th FP of the EU. The General objective of the projects is to explore the development of a resource-optimised knowledge-based service society in relation to all dimensions of sustainability by way of applying a backcasting methodology to identify (1) gaps between desired futures and current trends, and (2) policy requirements. We want to discuss the following research questions: What are realistic and consistent development targets or "landing places" within one generation (20-30 years)?; What are the key barriers to reaching the development targets or "landing places"? and Is there a need for new social and political institutions?

March 2003

Markku Wilenius, research director of the Finland Futures Research Center and accociate member of the Club of Rome will talk at the brownbag seminar at SERI Vienna on Friday, 7th March 2003, at 1 pm. The topic of the talk is: Visions of Europe.

July 2002

Francois Schneider on Global "dematerialisation" and "dewaterisation" of regional and national economies, considerations and perspectives (in English)

Joachim Spangenberg on Quality of Life, Consumption and the Environment (in German). (For further background information download 1 2 ).

May 2002

Fred Luks presented his new major research project NEDS and Felix Rauschmeyer from UFZ in Leipzig talked about "MCDA und Naturschutz"

January 2002

"Sustainable technologies: low and/or high tech?" We discussed the question of sustainable technologies/technologies for SD. Are they high tech or low tech. Impulse talks by Roman Mesicek and Patrizia Nessmann.

October 2000

Joachim Schwerd (University of Marburg): Georgescu-Roegen´s theory -an interpretation of the entropy law [download of a version in German (pdf, 256 KB)]

September 2000

David Stein (Wirtschaftsuniversität Wien), on the sustainability of inland shipping.

August 2000

Niki Rosinski (Uni Lüneburg) on: Sustainable Finance.

 

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Have a nice day - Your SERI-Team.

last update 23-Feb-2006