SERI Brownbag Seminar - Archive
Lisa Bohunovsky und
Im Rahmen des Projektes ARTEMIS wurde eine lokale
Fallstudie in Raabau und Lödersdorf, zwei Gemeinden der Region Oststeiermark,
The plans for the “International Dialogue on Science
and Practice in Sustainable Development” will then be discussed.
In essence we are designing an open Dialogue conference with on the order
of 300 participants from all over the world to provide a platform for
bringing natural and social scientists together with a wide array of practitioners
involved in activities that contribute to sustainable development by promoting
human development and/or environmental conservation. The ultimate goal
of the Dialogue is to increase radically the quantity and effectiveness
of collaborations on sustainable development being pursued around the
world between scientists and practitioners, and to enhance the world’s
capacity to establish and implement such activities.
The goal of sustainable development does not only raise
social, ecological, political, cultural and economic questions but also
problems that literally go beyond these fields. Especially if one tries
to combine „material“ and „symbolic“ problems
and moves along the borderline of of science and policy, one is easily
confronted with „meta-economic“ questions. The introductory
presentation to this brownbag-seminar serves as an instigation to discussion
and delivers few answers, some theses and many questions.
In this Brownbag Seminar the results of the project “Eco-efficiency and Sustainability”, supported by the OeNB Jubiläumsfonds are summarised. The project analysed past developments in eco-efficiency and sustainability of the Austrian economy by applying an extended make-use model. The framework provides methodological insights for connecting existing environmental data with monetary input-output data. The model was used to perform a comparative-static analysis disaggregated in 55 sectors in order to show the development trends of social, economic and environmental indicators between 1995 and 2000. In addition, the underlying driving forces of changes in these indicators were identified using structural decomposition analysis. The comparative-static analysis and the structural decomposition analysis were supplemented by an evaluation of the sustainability of the Austrian economy by applying minimum conditions for sustainable development. With the help of this framework we investigate if the development of the Austrian economy fulfilled these minimum conditions in the time period 1995 to 2000. Moreover, the possibilities of integrating stock-flow relationships in structural models were discussed. The fact, that to a large extent material flows (as energy) can be substituted by stocks (as improved thermal stock of buildings) offered the motivation to search for guidelines concerning these flow-stock relationships that are compatible with sustainability criteria. In this context the theoretical role of stocks and an overview of international and national efforts of extending the flow concepts with stocks was provided.
Currently, European Chemical Regulation is facing substantial changes. Under the so-called REACh system (Registration, Evaluation, Authorisation of Chemials) the European Union aims to combine those measures conceptualised to deal with environmental uncertainties and risks stemming from recombination of substances. The underlying mass-orientated regulation attempt is similar to the basic axiom of substance flow economics. Against that background the question (again) rises if such a kind of “ton ideology” is an adequate approach for environmental and sustainability policy, respectively. As an important criterion for evaluation (referring to new institutional economics) the transaction cost approach will be introduced.
Dr. Friedrich Hinterberger
Topic: Project Eco-efficiency and Sustainability
Selbst wenn man sich einigermaßen einig ist, worum es bei nachhaltiger Entwicklung geht (sagen wir: einen deutlich verringerten Ressourcenverbrauch und eine entscheidende Verringerung von Armut und Ungleichheit) setzen die einzelnen Ansätze sehr unterschiedliche Schwerpunkte: Ökoeffizienz, ein Global Marshall Plan, eine Reform des Finanz-Systems, Ökosteuern, neue Lebensstile u.v.a.m. In diesem Seminar möchten wir diskutieren, was die wesentlichen Bausteine eines umfassenden Systems von Strategien, Maßnahmen und Instrumenten für eine nachhaltige Entwicklung sein könnten, wie diese zusammen passen und welche Lücken es noch gibt.
Sybille Bauriedl, Matthias Winkler (NEDS-Projekt, Hamburg)
Topic: Transformation of land use pattern in the Metropolitan Region of Hamburg
In the course of global processes of socio-economic transformation simultaneous processes of change in connection with spatial structures are taking place. The structure analysis as a quantitative geographical method based on cartographic visualisation allows to describe and analyse spatial transformation by focussing on land use pattern and tendencies of change. The NEDS Research Project applies this method to the Metropolitan Regions of Hamburg and Vienna and the Region of Leipzig. The structure analysis for Hamburg illustrates considerable tendencies of diffusion and suburbanisation especially in the further hinterland with are connected with both a partial decrease of population in the agglomeration core (processes of shrinking) and the rise of smaller regional centres (processes of growth). Besides the results indicate that "classical" instruments of regional planning are apparently not suitable for steering the spatial development/expansion of housing and traffic infrastructure. Empirical results cannot verify that the frequently discussed strategy of de-linking the population growth from the growth of sealing soil surface is successful.
Topic: Sustainable Product Service Systems (PSS)
In this brownbag seminar we will
discuss two of SERIs research projects both dealing with sustainable product
Every society comprises four dimensions, the economic, social, environmental and institutional one. Each of them is a complex, dynamic, self-organising and evolving entity in its own right, making the coupled system one of tremendous complexity. For this system to be sustainable, each of the four subsystems has to have the capability to maintain its capability to survive and evolve, and the interlinkages of the subsystems must enable a permanent co-evolution. For adequate analysis and prognoses or at least to avoid wrong ones the appropriate level of complexity for descriptions and models has to be found.
As this level of complexity is beyond the scope of current economic theories, a system analysis perspective is presented as a framework for discussing the co-evolution of economy and society. In this context, the economic, social, environmental and institutional sustainability of the economy can be described. In a further step, economic theories could be assessed regarding the usefulness for the description of a complex evolving system like the economy.
In this case, an appropriate theoretical approach is system analysis of complex evolving systems. However, there are few applications of this rather abstract theory to economic systems so far, and before using it for analysing the sustainability of economic development processes, sustainability must be defined for complex evolving systems. The latter is the raison d’être of Orientor or Orientation Theory, providing the means to assess the sustainability of the economic system, albeit still on a rather abstract level. It is evaluated if suggestions from economics and sustainability models are suitable in the more complex setting they have not been designed for or derived in.
DI. Roman Mesicek on "eGovernment - Possibilities and risks of online participation". Three major themes recur as prerequisites for success of eGovernment solutions: access, trust and institutional change. Based on the ongoing work in the eCommunity project we want to talk about, how it is possible to achieve these three conditions and what forms of online participation are supportive of community building and which are counter-productive? Furthermore how does e-government and e-participation fit into the context of sustainability?
Dr. Friedrich Hinterberger on "Governance for Sustainable Development": This is an emerging proposal for the 6th FP of the EU. The General objective of the projects is to explore the development of a resource-optimised knowledge-based service society in relation to all dimensions of sustainability by way of applying a backcasting methodology to identify (1) gaps between desired futures and current trends, and (2) policy requirements. We want to discuss the following research questions: What are realistic and consistent development targets or "landing places" within one generation (20-30 years)?; What are the key barriers to reaching the development targets or "landing places"? and Is there a need for new social and political institutions?
Markku Wilenius, research director of the Finland Futures Research Center and accociate member of the Club of Rome will talk at the brownbag seminar at SERI Vienna on Friday, 7th March 2003, at 1 pm. The topic of the talk is: Visions of Europe.
Francois Schneider on Global "dematerialisation" and "dewaterisation" of regional and national economies, considerations and perspectives (in English)
Fred Luks presented his new major research project NEDS and Felix Rauschmeyer from UFZ in Leipzig talked about "MCDA und Naturschutz"
"Sustainable technologies: low and/or high tech?" We discussed the question of sustainable technologies/technologies for SD. Are they high tech or low tech. Impulse talks by Roman Mesicek and Patrizia Nessmann.
Joachim Schwerd (University of Marburg): Georgescu-Roegen´s theory -an interpretation of the entropy law [download of a version in German (pdf, 256 KB)]
David Stein (Wirtschaftsuniversität Wien), on the sustainability of inland shipping.
Niki Rosinski (Uni Lüneburg) on: Sustainable Finance.
Have a nice day - Your SERI-Team.
|last update 23-Feb-2006|